When a disaster strikes, the emergency response addresses immediate basic needs. Longer term assessments then pave the way for reconstruction. Often, in this longer term process, the real needs of fisherfolk and fishing communities are not met or respected. In fact, they can actually be undermined through the well-meaning, yet unsuitable, provision of vessels, fishing gear and landing sites and infrastructure.

FAO’s ‘Fisheries and Aquaculture Response to Emergency’ (FARE) training package course addresses this very issue. FARE is a tailored effort to specifically bring together fisheries officers and disaster risk reduction specialists to ensure the fisheries’ perspective in embedded and included in longer term response. 

This training package was originally developed by FAO (Food & Agriculture Organisation) and piloted in 2015. We have been working with FAO Fisheries department in Rome since late 2017, supporting the revision and improvement of the FARE training course and associated Training of Trainers. This important and interesting work directly links to our support to sustainable development goals 2 (Zero Hunger) and 14 (Life below Water).

Under the FAO CC4Fish project, the revised  FARE course was recently piloted in Grenada in the Caribbean. Chris and Silvia worked with trainers from the University of West Indies and the Grenada Red Cross to facilitate the 3-day FARE course and the associated FARE Training of Trainers. The project enabled fisheries officers and disaster risk reduction specialists from 6 countries to work together, share experiences and perspectives, and understand how to best implement best practice outlined in two key FAO publications Fisheries and aquaculture emergency response guidance? and Guidelines for the fisheries and aquaculture sector on damage and needs assessments in emergencies .

The aim was to foster a cohort of regional FARE trainers able to deliver the FARE course nationally and in the region, and who can support the assessment and planned response to any emergency affecting the fisheries and aquaculture sectors in the Caribbean.

Our innovative, hands-on continuous mini-session practice during the Training of Trainers allowed participants to practice presentation and facilitation skills using the very FARE materials they had been introduced to in the previous 3 day FARE course. Not only did they become familiar with content and methods, but they also worked in their country teams to develop country strategies for taking FARE forward in their countries and in the region. 

We look forward to supporting FAO in 2019 in taking this important FARE training package to other regions affected by disasters.


Thomas Nelson

Claricia Langley Stevens



This is how a Theory of Change for Tanzania's five year Multisectoral Nutrition Action Plan looks like when a group of over 30 stakeholders work hard together over five days - a fantastic result. Now the real hard work begins to implement it.  In the last 5-10 years the ToC approach has become a popular tool for planning social change processes, especially in the NGO sector. The fast spread of the methodology has created different interpretations and understanding of ToC’s value. Some see it as a new Logical framework, yet more flexible and realistic. Some see it a simple logic model driven by cause-effect logic. Others give more importance to the attitudinal features of the approach which helps one bear in mind the complexities involved in contributing to social change and development. Our understanding is heavily informed by different authors’ interpretations such as Retolaza (2011) and Eyben (2006) and especially influenced by our practice and experience in making sense of it in our work with northern and southern NGOs’, and CBO’s, programmes. We highlight the opportunity ToC frameworks get social organisations focused on learning about how change happens, to achieve greater responsibility and accountability to both donors and end recipients of their programmes.




It was really exciting to pilot the Ecosystem Approach to Fisheries Management (EAFm) for Inland Fisheries in Mangochi, Malawi in March. Together with the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), IMA International was involved in modifying the standard EAFM marine-focused course to address the diversity of inland fisheries contexts. For this workshop we focused on the southern arm of Lake Malawi and neighbouring Lake Malombe, where the livelihoods of fisher communities are affected by inappropriate fishing and farming practices, often with poor governance, and exacerbated by climate change. The workshop was hosted FAO FiRM Project which will be using the EAFM approach to build climate change resilience in the fisheries sector in Malawi.

The workshop was facilitated by Rick Gregory and Silvia Capezzuoli of IMA, together with FAO senior fisheries resource officers. 27 participants from Department of Fisheries, universities, INGOs, representatives from small scale fisher sub-associations and the FiRM project team worked collaboratively for five days, developing draft fisheries management plans.

From a learning and sharing perspective, they all valued the rare opportunity to share experiences, and learn from and with colleagues from diverse institutions.

From a content perspective, participants really appreciated the holistic approach of EAFm, which considers the management of fisheries from the broad lens of i) ecological well-being (both the fisheries resources and the wider habitat/ environment; ii) human wellbeing (health, socio-economic, social) and iii) governance.

The practical, hands-on nature of this course means that those participants who are involved in facilitating the development of plans; those who co-develop plans, and regularly engage with fishers, traditional authorities and other key stakeholders, acquire and practise the skills and tools they need.

Dalitso Kafumbata

Emmanuel Kaunda

Faith Teleka

Friday Njaya

Geoffrey Kanyerere

Monica Kagwira



Given the current situation in Yemen, we were thankful to have the opportunity to work with UNDP on a tailor made training focusing on Monitoring and Evaluation of the Enhanced Rural Resilience in Yemen (ERRY) Joint Programme. Funded by the European Union, ERRY is a three-year initiative implemented by four Participating UN Organisations, Food and Agricultural Organisation (FAO), International Labour Organisation (ILO), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), and World Food Programme (WFP). Our participants were from UNDP which supports community resilience planning and self-help initiatives, emergency employment and livelihood strategies, social cohesion and conflict transformation and access to solar energy.

During the week we covered Logframe quality assurance, including identification of data requirements, creating an M&E Plan, drafting TORs, establishing baselines and identifying non-tangible high level impacts, designing and systemizing data management systems for an effective data flow from the lowest to highest level, activity monitoring using real time data & reporting, tools for mapping outputs, outcomes and impacts, and coordination with stakeholders, including harmonization between partners, an essential skill in challenging situations.

The chance to focus the training using the strategic documents, and current Logframes of UNDP ERRY was appreciated by our participants, and we wish UNDP ERRY and its hardworking staff all the best for the future.

Supporting fisheries management in Mexico. Working with The Nature Conservancy, Mexican government agencies CONAPESCA and INAPESCA, and fisheries consultant Derek Staples, Silvia is running the Essential EAFM course in Mexico City this week. The main participants are INAPESCA and CONAPESCA fisheries agencies from both Pacific and Atlantic programmes, plus SEMARNAT (environment agency) and FAO.

This is the 1st of a longer-term series of nine modules (online and face-to-face) planned over a 3-year for building capacity for the two main government agencies. The popular Essential EAFM course has been translated in Spanish and is running for the first time in the central and Latin America region. Spanish materials and an online version, in both English and Spanish, will be available soon at www.eafmlearn.org



Copyright IMA International © 2023
linkedin facebook pinterest youtube rss twitter instagram facebook-blank rss-blank linkedin-blank pinterest youtube twitter instagram